top of page

Conquer Anxiety: Understanding Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

Man receiving GAD
Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is a prevalent mental health condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It goes beyond the ordinary worries and concerns that people experience in their daily lives, leading to persistent and excessive anxiety about various aspects of life. In this article for understanding Generalized Anxiety Disorder, we'll delve into what GAD is, its global prevalence, and explore potential effective coping strategies, including the use of self-hypnosis.

Understanding Generalized Anxiety Disorder

People experiencing GAD often find themselves overwhelmed by persistent worry and fear about everyday situations. They may feel on edge, restless, and have difficulty concentrating. Physical symptoms can include muscle tension, fatigue, and irritability.

One indicator to is the excessive nature of the worry. Individuals with GAD tend to anticipate disaster even in situations that others might find only mildly challenging. The worry may extend to health, work, family, and other aspects of daily life.

Changes in behaviour and habits are also common. Insomnia or disrupted sleep patterns, avoidance of certain activities or places, and an increased reliance on coping mechanisms like excessive planning or seeking reassurance from others can be signs of GAD.

It's important to remember that everyone experiences anxiety to some extent, but when these feelings become persistent, excessive, and interfere with daily life, it might be indicative of GAD. Seeking professional help and support is crucial for proper diagnosis and management of Generalized Anxiety Disorder.

Is there a test for me to know if I have GAD?

Written test for GAD

While a self-administered test cannot replace a professional diagnosis, here are some questions that might help someone assess if they are experiencing symptoms commonly associated with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). Remember, it's essential to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis.

Worrying Frequency: How often do you find yourself worrying about various aspects of your life, such as work, health, family, or finances?

Intensity of Worry:

On a scale of 1 to 10, how intense are your worries? (1 being mild, 10 being extremely intense)

Physical Symptoms

Do you frequently experience symptoms like muscle tension, restlessness, fatigue, or irritability?

Sleep Patterns:

How well do you sleep on a regular basis? Do you often have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep due to anxious thoughts?

Anticipation of Disaster:

Do you often anticipate the worst-case scenario, even in situations that others might find only mildly challenging?

Impact on Daily Life:

Have your worries and anxiety significantly impacted your ability to function in your daily life, such as work, relationships, or other activities?

Coping Mechanisms:

Do you find yourself engaging in repetitive behaviors (e.g., excessive planning, seeking reassurance) to cope with your worries?

Duration of Symptoms:

How long have you been experiencing these symptoms? Have they persisted for six months or more?

If someone finds that their responses indicate a significant level of worry and anxiety, it's advisable for them to seek professional help. A mental health professional can provide a comprehensive assessment and guide them toward appropriate interventions and support.

Global Prevalence:

Global prevalence for GAD
Global prevalence for GAD

GAD is a widespread mental health concern, affecting a substantial number of individuals globally. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it is estimated that over 275 million people worldwide suffer from anxiety disorders. The prevalence of GAD varies across regions, with higher rates reported in developed countries.

So what Can Be Done About It?

Managing General Anxiety Disorder involves a multifaceted approach that may include psychotherapy, medication, and self-help strategies. Here are some effective ways to cope with GAD:

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.

Cognitive behavioural therapy


General Anxiety Disorder (GAD) can be a persistent and overwhelming challenge, affecting various aspects of daily life. One highly effective therapeutic approach for managing GAD is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT). In this section, we'll explore the principles of CBT and how it can serve as a valuable tool in alleviating the symptoms of GAD.

Understanding Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT):

CBT is a structured, goal-oriented form of psychotherapy that aims to identify and modify negative thought patterns and behaviors contributing to anxiety. It operates on the premise that our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are interconnected, and by addressing distorted thinking, individuals can change their emotional responses and behaviors.

Key Components of CBT for GAD:

Cognitive Restructuring:

CBT focuses on identifying and challenging irrational thoughts and beliefs that contribute to anxiety. Individuals learn to recognize negative thinking patterns and replace them with more balanced and realistic thoughts By shifting perspectives, individuals can reduce the intensity of anxious feelings.

Exposure Therapy:

Gradual exposure to anxiety-inducing situations is a crucial component of CBT.

Individuals work with their therapist to face and confront feared situations in a controlled and supportive environment. This exposure helps desensitize individuals to anxiety triggers, fostering a sense of mastery and control.

Behavioral Activation:

CBT emphasizes the connection between thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.

Behavioral activation encourages individuals to engage in positive and enjoyable activities, counteracting the tendency to withdraw and avoid situations that provoke anxiety.

Mindfulness and Relaxation Techniques:

Incorporating mindfulness techniques helps individuals stay present and reduce anxiety about future uncertainties. Relaxation exercises, such as deep breathing and progressive muscle relaxation, are taught to manage physiological symptoms of anxiety.

Homework Assignments:

Between sessions, individuals may be assigned homework to practice and reinforce new skills learned in therapy. This active engagement in the therapeutic process contributes to long-term change.

Effectiveness of CBT for GAD:

Research consistently supports the effectiveness of CBT in treating GAD. Many individuals experience significant reductions in anxiety symptoms and improvements in overall well-being. CBT equips individuals with practical skills that they can continue to use beyond the therapy sessions, promoting lasting changes in thought patterns and behaviors.

Seeking CBT for GAD:

If you are considering CBT for GAD, it's essential to find a qualified and experienced therapist. A licensed mental health professional specializing in CBT can work collaboratively with you to tailor the therapy to your specific needs and challenges.


Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy stands as a beacon of hope for those grappling with General Anxiety Disorder. By addressing the root causes of anxiety through structured interventions, CBT empowers individuals to gain control over their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. If you or someone you know is navigating the challenges of GAD, consider exploring the transformative potential of CBT with the guidance of a skilled therapist.

Medication to treat GAD

Medication for CBT
Medication for GAD

It's important to note that medication for General Anxiety Disorder (GAD) should only be considered under the guidance and prescription of a qualified healthcare professional. There are various medications that may be prescribed to help manage GAD, and the choice depends on individual factors. Here are some common classes of medications used for GAD:

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs):

SSRIs, such as fluoxetine, sertraline, and escitalopram, are commonly prescribed for GAD.

They work by increasing the levels of serotonin in the brain, which can help regulate mood and reduce anxiety.

Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs):

SNRIs, like venlafaxine and duloxetine, target both serotonin and norepinephrine.

These medications can be effective in treating GAD by modulating neurotransmitter levels.

Benzodiazepines (Short-Term Use):

Benzodiazepines, such as lorazepam and alprazolam, are sedative medications that can provide rapid relief of anxiety symptoms. They are typically prescribed for short-term use due to the risk of dependence and withdrawal.


Buspirone is a non-benzodiazepine anxiolytic medication used to treat GAD.

It affects serotonin receptors and is often considered for those who prefer a non-addictive option.


Beta-blockers, like propranolol, are sometimes prescribed to manage physical symptoms of anxiety, such as rapid heartbeat and trembling. They are especially useful in situational anxiety.

It's crucial to emphasize that medication is only one component of a comprehensive treatment plan for GAD. Consultation with a healthcare professional is essential to assess individual needs, potential side effects, and determine the most suitable medication and dosage. Additionally, therapy, lifestyle modifications, and other coping strategies often complement medication for holistic and effective management of GAD.

If you or someone you know is considering medication for GAD, please seek guidance from a qualified healthcare provider who can evaluate your specific situation and provide personalized recommendations.

Making lifestyle changes to help GAD:

Healthy food to help with anxiety
Healthy food for anxiety

Making positive lifestyle changes can play a significant role in managing General Anxiety Disorder (GAD). Here are some detailed suggestions for lifestyle modifications that may help alleviate symptoms of GAD:

Regular Exercise:

Engage in regular physical activity, such as brisk walking, jogging, or yoga.

Exercise helps release endorphins, the body's natural mood enhancers, and contributes to overall well-being. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise most days of the week.

Balanced Diet:

Maintain a well-balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins.

Avoid excessive consumption of caffeine, alcohol, and sugary foods, as they can contribute to increased anxiety.

Adequate Sleep:

Establish a consistent sleep routine with regular bedtime and wake-up times.

Create a calming bedtime environment and avoid stimulating activities before sleep.

Aim for 7-9 hours of quality sleep each night.

Stress Management Techniques:

Practice stress-reduction techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, or mindfulness.

Learn and incorporate progressive muscle relaxation exercises to release tension in the body.

Limiting Stimulants:

Reduce the intake of stimulants like caffeine and nicotine, as they can exacerbate anxiety symptoms. Consider switching to decaffeinated beverages or herbal teas.

Social Connection:

Maintain a strong support system by staying connected with friends and family.

Share your feelings with trusted individuals, and seek emotional support when needed.

Time Management:

Break tasks into smaller, manageable steps to avoid feeling overwhelmed.

Prioritize tasks and focus on what is achievable within a given timeframe.

Mindfulness and Relaxation:

Incorporate mindfulness practices into your daily routine to stay present and reduce anticipatory anxiety. Set aside time for activities you enjoy, whether it's reading, listening to music, or spending time in nature.

Avoiding Alcohol and Recreational Drugs:

Limit or avoid alcohol and recreational drugs, as they can interfere with mood regulation and exacerbate anxiety.

Therapeutic Activities:

Engage in activities that bring joy and relaxation, such as hobbies, creative pursuits, or spending time in nature. Consider joining support groups or participating in therapy to explore and address underlying issues.

It's essential to recognize that lifestyle changes may have varying effects on different individuals. It's recommended to consult with a healthcare professional or mental health expert to create a tailored plan that suits your specific needs and complements other therapeutic interventions for GAD.

Self-Hypnosis as a Cost-Effective Approach:

Self Hypnosis for GAD
Self Hypnosis

Incorporating self-hypnosis recordings from qualified professionals can be a cost-effective and accessible approach for individuals dealing with General Anxiety Disorder (GAD), especially if leaving the home is challenging due to anxiety. Here's an expanded section on this topic:

Accessibility from Home:

This is particularly advantageous for those whose anxiety levels make it difficult to venture outside, minimizing any potential feelings of embarrassment or distress associated with face-to-face interactions.

Cost-Effective Solution:

Using self-hypnosis recordings is generally more affordable than regular in-person therapy sessions. Many professionally designed recordings are available at a fraction of the cost of ongoing therapist visits, making them an accessible option for individuals on a budget.

24/7 Availability:

Self-hypnosis recordings offer 24/7 accessibility, allowing individuals to engage in sessions whenever they feel the need. This flexibility accommodates varying schedules and ensures that support is available precisely when it's required.

Privacy and Comfort:

Privacy is a crucial consideration for individuals dealing with anxiety, and self-hypnosis recordings provide a discreet and confidential way to engage in therapeutic practices.

Users can create a calming environment within their own homes, fostering a sense of safety and comfort during sessions.

Tailored Professional Guidance:

Reputable self-hypnosis recordings are created by qualified professionals with expertise in anxiety management. These recordings guide individuals through relaxation techniques, visualization, and positive suggestions, mirroring the approach taken in traditional therapy sessions.

Repetition and Reinforcement:

The ability to replay self-hypnosis recordings allows individuals to reinforce positive suggestions and practice relaxation techniques regularly. Repetition is a key element in self-hypnosis, and recordings provide the flexibility for users to engage in sessions as frequently as needed.

It's important to note that while self-hypnosis recordings can be a valuable component of anxiety management, they are not a substitute for professional mental health care when needed. Individuals with severe or persistent anxiety should consult with a healthcare professional to explore a comprehensive treatment plan that may include a combination of self-help strategies, therapy, and, if necessary, medication.

In conclusion,

Recognizing and addressing Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is crucial for individuals seeking a path to mental well-being. By understanding the frequency and intensity of worries, acknowledging physical and emotional symptoms, and assessing the impact on daily life, individuals can gain valuable insights. While this self-assessment serves as a starting point, it's essential to emphasize that a formal diagnosis and personalized guidance from a healthcare professional are indispensable.

Seeking support opens the door to effective strategies, coping mechanisms, and a journey toward managing GAD andcultivating overall mental health. Remember, you're not alone, and there is help available to navigate the complexities of anxiety and find a path towards a more balanced and fulfilling life.

Sharon Shinwell UK qualified Clinical Hypno-Psychotherapist

Sharon Shinwell

Over the past 25 years, as a UK qualified Counsellor and Clinical Hypnotherapist, I have had the privilege of assisting numerous individuals in overcoming a wide array of challenges.

Throughout this journey, I have extensively employed Hypnotherapy as a therapeutic tool. Notably, this approach has not only garnered substantial popularity but has also yielded remarkable results.

I have now retired from seeing face-to-face however, I have used my experience to write, record and produce a large range of Self-Hypnosis recordings which are available to download on this website.

CLICK HERE for my recording for GAD


bottom of page